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Summary chapter

Summary chapter for national stats

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2018

Romania has 12.4% of its generated load compliant to the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC).

In 2018, Romania counted 1849 agglomerations generating ≥2,000 p.e. each, of which:

  • 28 agglomerations, generating 2,472,851 p.e. of waste water, complied with the requirements of the Directive; and
  • 1821 agglomerations, generating 17,500,588 p.e. of waste water, did not comply with the requirements of the Directive.

The waste water load generated in Romania in 2018 was reported to be 19,973,439 p.e.

In 2018, Romania had not yet reached the target for collecting and treating waste water to fully comply with the Directive.

  • 35.9 % of the waste water load must still be collected (approximately 7,164,800 p.e.); and
  • 65.7% of the collected waste water load must still undergo secondary treatment in line with the requirements of the Directive (approximately 12,874,800 p.e.),
  • 58.7% of the collected waste water load from agglomerations generating >10,000 p.e. and discharging into sensitive areas must still undergo more stringent treatment in line with the requirements of the Directive (approximately 7,718,000 p.e.).

1.9% of waste water load is addressed by means of individual or other appropriate systems (IAS) i.e. non-centralised sanitation systems (approximately 372,900 p.e.).

For the 1849 agglomerations, there are 789 urban waste water treatment plants, with a total design capacity of 20,377,000 p.e., of which:

  • 147 plants are active but not connected to collecting system,
  • 380 plants equipped with technology only for primary and secondary treatment,
  • 262 plants equipped with technology for more stringent treatment than secondary.

For the 789 urban waste water treatment plants, there are 191 discharges without treatment with a total load of 360,792 p.e.

Based on the 2018 data, it seems that the load generated is lower than the design capacity.

Compliance rate by Article

Agglomeration Waste water load
Romania in 2018 Total
[No]
Comply
[No]
Comply
[%]
Total
[p.e.]
Comply
[p.e.]
Comply
[%]
Article 3 (collection) 1849 39 2.1 % 19,973,439 2,934,227 14.7 %
Article 4 (secondary treatment) 1849* 28 1.5 % 19,585,859** 2,435,994 12.4 %
Article 5 (more stringent treatment) 200* 20 10 % 13,139,957** 2,391,712 18.2 %

Notice : This table contains only agglomerations with expired deadlines.

*The total [No of agglomerations] includes only those agglomerations that must provide secondary treatment / or more stringent treatment than secondary before discharging waste water from their treatment plants.

**The total [p.e. waste water load] is the sum of the load of all of the agglomerations that must provide secondary treatment or more stringent treatment than secondary before discharging waste water from their treatment plants.

Data source for table: Register, summary of MS data

1649 agglomerations were not taken into account in the calculation of the compliance rate for Article 5 because these agglomerations generate ≤10,000 p.e. each.

Distance to target

Waste water load
Romania in 2018 Target
[p.e.]
Distance to target
[p.e.]
Distance to target
[%]
Collection 19,973,439 7,164,759 35.9 %
Secondary treatment* 19,585,859 12,874,766 65.7 %
More stringent treatment** 13,139,958 7,718,037 58.7 %

*The target [p.e.] for secondary treatment represents the waste water load (collected and not collected) from all agglomerations that must be subject to secondary treatment, regardless of whether or not the agglomeration complies with Article 3.

** The target for more stringent treatment represents the waste water load (collected and not collected) from all agglomerations generating >10,000 p.e. and discharging into sensitive areas (regardless of whether or not the agglomeration complies with Article 3).

Data source for table: Register, summary of MS data

The expected annual investment costs per capita for installing and renewing waste water collecting systems and treatment plants is 20 EUR/inhabitant/year.

The investment needs for ensuring adequate urban waste water collection and treatment, i.e. compliance with the Directive, as estimated by the national authorities and included in their national plan, are at the level of EUR 6634.58 million for the period 2020-2027. This covers works on treatment plants, with the forecasted investment cost of EUR 1992.5 million (2020-2027) , and works on collecting systems and/or IAS, with a forecasted investment cost of EUR 4642.08 million (2020-2027).However, as indicated in a recent OECD study, Romania would need to increase their investments further to reach and maintain compliance. The OECD projected that the financing needs by 2030 (total cumulative additional expenditures for sanitation) is EUR 15.1 billion.

For the reference year 2018, Romania reported the production of 247,760 tonnes of sludge. The sludge is mainly disposed for landfill (53 %) and others (28 %) or re-used for soil and agriculture (19 %).Other disposal sludge (i.e. land improvement, substance recovery, etc.)

At 1 discharge point, treated waste water is reused for infiltration.

Storm water overflows case was reported on 9 agglomerations for a total of 39,181,862 m3