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Summary chapter

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Summary chapter for national stats

Select the year to generate the graphs.

2018

Hungary has 52.1% of its generated load compliant to the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC).

In 2018, Hungary counted 598 agglomerations generating ≥2,000 p.e. each, of which:

  • 355 agglomerations, generating 7,128,094 p.e. of waste water, complied with the requirements of the Directive; and
  • 243 agglomerations, generating 6,562,799 p.e. of waste water, did not comply with the requirements of the Directive.

The waste water load generated in Hungary in 2018 was reported to be 13,690,893 p.e.

In 2018, Hungary had not yet reached the target for collecting and treating waste water to fully comply with the Directive.

  • 3.2 % of the waste water load must still be collected (approximately 431,900 p.e.); and
  • 11.5% of the collected waste water load must still undergo secondary treatment in line with the requirements of the Directive (approximately 1,428,700 p.e.),
  • 10.2% of the collected waste water load from agglomerations generating >10,000 p.e. and discharging into sensitive areas must still undergo more stringent treatment in line with the requirements of the Directive (approximately 1,111,200 p.e.).

9.4% of waste water load is addressed by means of individual or other appropriate systems (IAS) i.e. non-centralised sanitation systems (approximately 1,287,800 p.e.).

For the 598 agglomerations, there are 605 urban waste water treatment plants, with a total design capacity of 14,857,000 p.e., of which:

  • There is no plant active but not connected to collecting system,
  • 3 plants equipped with technology only for primary and secondary treatment,
  • 602 plants equipped with technology for more stringent treatment than secondary.

Based on the 2018 data, it seems that the load generated is lower than the design capacity.

Compliance rate by Article

Agglomeration Waste water load
Hungary in 2018 Total
[No]
Comply
[No]
Comply
[%]
Total
[p.e.]
Comply
[p.e.]
Comply
[%]
Article 3 (collection) 598 415 69.4 % 13,690,893 7,878,313 57.5 %
Article 4 (secondary treatment) 596* 353 59.2 % 12,392,267** 6,405,757 51.7 %
Article 5 (more stringent treatment) 217* 130 59.9 % 10,925,680** 5,582,372 51.1 %

Notice : This table contains only agglomerations with expired deadlines.

*The total [No of agglomerations] includes only those agglomerations that must provide secondary treatment / or more stringent treatment than secondary before discharging waste water from their treatment plants.

**The total [p.e. waste water load] is the sum of the load of all of the agglomerations that must provide secondary treatment or more stringent treatment than secondary before discharging waste water from their treatment plants.

Data source for table: Register, summary of MS data

2 agglomerations were not taken into account in calculations of the compliance rate for Article 4 because the agglomerations use IAS for more than 98% of the collected load.

381 agglomerations were not taken into account in the calculation of the compliance rate for Article 5 because these agglomerations generate ≤10,000 p.e. each.

Distance to target

Waste water load
Hungary in 2018 Target
[p.e.]
Distance to target
[p.e.]
Distance to target
[%]
Collection 13,690,893 431,936 3.2 %
Secondary treatment* 12,392,267 1,428,661 11.5 %
More stringent treatment** 10,925,680 1,111,156 10.2 %

*The target [p.e.] for secondary treatment represents the waste water load (collected and not collected) from all agglomerations that must be subject to secondary treatment, regardless of whether or not the agglomeration complies with Article 3.

** The target for more stringent treatment represents the waste water load (collected and not collected) from all agglomerations generating >10,000 p.e. and discharging into sensitive areas (regardless of whether or not the agglomeration complies with Article 3).

Data source for table: Register, summary of MS data

The expected annual investment costs per capita for installing and renewing waste water collecting systems and treatment plants is nan EUR/inhabitant/year.

The investment needs for ensuring adequate urban waste water collection and treatment, i.e. compliance with the Directive, as estimated by the national authorities and included in their national plan, are at the level of EUR 415.21 million for the period 2020-2024. This covers works on treatment plants, with the forecasted investment cost of EUR 372.53 million (2020-2024) , and works on collecting systems and/or IAS, with a forecasted investment cost of EUR 42.68 million (2020-2022).However, as indicated in a recent OECD study, Hungary would need to increase their investments further to reach and maintain compliance. The OECD projected that the financing needs by 2030 (total cumulative additional expenditures for sanitation) is EUR 4.3 billion.

For the reference year 2018, Hungary reported the production of 189,284 tonnes of sludge. The sludge is mainly re-used for soil and agriculture (57 %) and others (13 %) or disposed for others (24 %).-

At 32 discharge points, treated waste water is reused for irrigation or infiltration. (0)

No information was reported on storm water overflows by Hungary.