Beta Version : remaining inconsistencies are possible. They will be corrected during the next reporting exercise

Summary chapter

Summary chapter for national stats

Select the year to generate the graphs.

2018

Cyprus has 83.7% of its generated load compliant to the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC).

In 2018, Cyprus counted 57 agglomerations generating ≥2,000 p.e. each, of which:

  • 27 agglomerations, generating 860,800 p.e. of waste water, complied with the requirements of the Directive; and
  • 30 agglomerations, generating 168,200 p.e. of waste water, did not comply with the requirements of the Directive.

The waste water load generated in Cyprus in 2018 was reported to be 1,029,000 p.e.

In 2018, Cyprus had not yet reached the target for collecting and treating waste water to fully comply with the Directive.

  • 15 % of the waste water load must still be collected (approximately 154,100 p.e.); and
  • 15.3% of the collected waste water load must still undergo secondary treatment in line with the requirements of the Directive (approximately 154,100 p.e.),
  • All of the collected waste water load from agglomerations generating >10,000 p.e. and discharging into sensitive areas underwent more stringent treatment in line with the requirements of the Directive

2.4% of waste water load is addressed by means of individual or other appropriate systems (IAS) i.e. non-centralised sanitation systems (approximately 24,400 p.e.).

For the 57 agglomerations, there are 18 urban waste water treatment plants, with a total design capacity of 1,353,000 p.e., of which:

  • There is no plant active but not connected to collecting system,
  • 1 plant equipped with technology only for primary and secondary treatment,
  • 17 plants equipped with technology for more stringent treatment than secondary.

Based on the 2018 data, it seems that the load generated is lower than the design capacity.

Compliance rate by Article

Agglomeration Waste water load
Cyprus in 2018 Total
[No]
Comply
[No]
Comply
[%]
Total
[p.e.]
Comply
[p.e.]
Comply
[%]
Article 3 (collection) 57 27 47.4 % 1,029,000 860,800 83.7 %
Article 4 (secondary treatment) 54* 24 44.4 % 1,004,561** 844,150 84 %
Article 5 (more stringent treatment) 2* 2 100 % 230,000** 230,000 100 %

Notice : This table contains only agglomerations with expired deadlines.

*The total [No of agglomerations] includes only those agglomerations that must provide secondary treatment / or more stringent treatment than secondary before discharging waste water from their treatment plants.

**The total [p.e. waste water load] is the sum of the load of all of the agglomerations that must provide secondary treatment or more stringent treatment than secondary before discharging waste water from their treatment plants.

Data source for table: Register, summary of MS data

3 agglomerations were not taken into account in calculations of the compliance rate for Article 4 because the agglomerations use IAS for more than 98% of the collected load.

55 agglomerations were not taken into account in the calculation of the compliance rate for Article 5 because these agglomerations generate ≤10,000 p.e. each.

Distance to target

Waste water load
Cyprus in 2018 Target
[p.e.]
Distance to target
[p.e.]
Distance to target
[%]
Collection 1,029,000 154,061 15 %
Secondary treatment* 1,004,561 154,061 15.3 %
More stringent treatment** 230,000 0 0 %

*The target [p.e.] for secondary treatment represents the waste water load (collected and not collected) from all agglomerations that must be subject to secondary treatment, regardless of whether or not the agglomeration complies with Article 3.

** The target for more stringent treatment represents the waste water load (collected and not collected) from all agglomerations generating >10,000 p.e. and discharging into sensitive areas (regardless of whether or not the agglomeration complies with Article 3).

Data source for table: Register, summary of MS data

The expected annual investment costs per capita for installing and renewing waste water collecting systems and treatment plants is 55 EUR/inhabitant/year.

The investment needs for ensuring adequate urban waste water collection and treatment, i.e. compliance with the Directive, as estimated by the national authorities and included in their national plan, are at the level of EUR 427.99 million for the period 2020-2029. This covers works on treatment plants, with the forecasted investment cost of EUR 134.99 million (2020-2028) , and works on collecting systems and/or IAS, with a forecasted investment cost of EUR 293 million (2020-2029).However, as indicated in a recent OECD study, Cyprus would need to increase their investments further to reach and maintain compliance. The OECD projected that the financing needs by 2030 (total cumulative additional expenditures for sanitation) is EUR 0.4 billion.

For the reference year 2018, Cyprus reported the production of 8,177 tonnes of sludge. The sludge is mainly re-used for others (84 %) and soil and agriculture (12 %).The 6900 t DS/y mentioned in others refers to 1281 t DS/y of sludge tranported for anaerobic treatment for biogas production, 4705 t DS/y of sludge tranported for compost production and to 914 t DS/y of sludge storaged at the plants to be reused.

At 31 discharge points, treated waste water is reused for infiltration or irrigation.In 2018 95.4 % of treated waste water was reported to be reused (Rivers dry beds & Aquifers for IN & IR, Dam for IR)

No information was reported on storm water overflows by Cyprus.